Founded by William (“Bill”) Gilbert Nutting in 1966, Nutting Associates formed following the acquisition of patent rights to EDEX Teaching Machines’ Knowledge Computer, a coin-operated, multiple-choice, question-and-answer machine that used a film projector to display questions. Following a redesign at Nutting Associates, they released the machine as Computer Quiz in 1967; the successful game popped up in airports, train stations, bowling alleys, student unions, and other venues where visitors might not have ordinarily expected to see coin-operated games. Nutting Associates produced Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney’s Computer Space, the first commercial arcade video game, in 1971.
Nutting Associates continued manufacturing arcade games up until 1977, when the company was purchased by William “Si” Redd, a slot machine manufacturer. (The final game released by Nutting was Ricochet during that same year.) Nutting Associates was absorbed by Redd’s new company Sircoma in 1979 and effectively shuttered.