Brian

Margaret Woodbury Strong collection Edit

Summary

Identifier
117.8003
Finding Aid Author
Julia Novakovic
Finding Aid Date
8 September 2017
Description Rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Dates

  • 1818 – 2002 (Creation)
  • 1897 – 1969 (Creation)

Extents

  • 113.4 Linear Feet (Whole)

Agent Links

Subjects

Notes

  • Abstract

    The Margaret Woodbury Strong collection contains correspondence, photographs, ephemera, scrapbooks, clippings, financial papers, legal documentation, blueprints, drawings, notes, moving images, and other materials related to the life of Margaret Woodbury Strong and relatives (including the Woodbury family, the Motley family, and the Strong family). The bulk of the materials are dated during Mrs. Strong’s lifetime, between 1897 and 1969. Additional related Margaret Woodbury Strong Museum projects and plans are also housed with this collection.

  • Conditions Governing Use

    This collection is open for research use by staff of The Strong and by users of its library and archives. The Strong retains intellectual property rights (including, but not limited to any copyright, trademark, and associated rights therein) to these materials.

  • Custodial History

    The Margaret Woodbury Strong papers are from the original Strong estate. Additional materials later donated to the museum have been incorporated into this overall collection; these include Object ID 94.1033 [Strong materials in the possession of Gladys Reid Holton, donated by Jane Desgrange in 1994], Object ID 114.7356 [documentation relating to the Woodbury Silver Mining Company, donated by Anne Hotra in November 2014], and Object ID 115.91 [letters from the Bemish sisters to Margaret Strong, donated by Friends of the Pittsford Library in January 2015].

  • Preferred citation for publication

    Margaret Woodbury Strong collection, Brian Sutton-Smith Library and Archives of Play at The Strong

  • Processed by

    Julia Novakovic, January-August 2017

  • Revision Description

    Original arrangement was created by Anne Hotra, former secretary to Mrs. Strong, during the late 1970s-early 1980s. Subsequent information was added to and maintained with the collection by Carol Sandler in the 1980s and 1990s. Donations from 2014-2015 have been added to the collection, with revised processing and finding aid completed by Julia Novakovic in 2017.

  • Biographical Note

    Margaret Woodbury was born on March 20, 1897 to John Charles Woodbury and Alice Motley Woodbury of Rochester, New York. (Her parents did not give Margaret a middle name, and she was baptized as “Margaret Woodbury” at St. Paul’s Episcopal Church.) In 1898, Alice purchased Althea Cottage in Kennebunk Beach, Maine, where the family would spend every summer season from May through October. The Woodbury family spent much of their social time with the Motleys. At age 5, Margaret received a bisque-head doll made by the J.D. Kestner doll factory in Germany—later, clippings from Margaret’s first haircut were fashioned into the doll’s wig. This doll, Mabel, was Margaret’s favorite, accompanying her on many childhood excursions across the globe.

    The Woodburys began to travel extensively when their daughter was school-aged. At age 8, Margaret went on her first major journey with her parents to Japan. In 1906, Alice, Margaret, and two aunts visited England, France, and the Netherlands. On an eight-month long trip in 1907 and 1908, the Woodburys traveled around the world to Japan, China, Egypt, and across Europe. These early years of travel significantly impacted Margaret’s propensity to collect, as the family frequently obtained keepsakes and souvenirs. Margaret carried a small bag in which she was allowed to keep her dolls and toys for the trips, and to which she would add anything else she acquired on the way. (She later wrote, “Consequently, my fondness for small objects grew.”) The Woodburys spent summers in Maine and winters in Santa Barbara, California. Margaret attended the Columbia Preparatory School for Girls in Rochester, and the Gamble School for Girls in California. She also had various private tutors in foreign languages, music, history, and drawing. She enjoyed golf, tennis, swimming, and horseback riding.

    Margaret first met Homer Strong, a distant cousin of her grandfather’s former partner, in 1914. Homer, 22 years her senior, was regarded as a fine gentleman; he ran a tool and steel supply business and was a trained lawyer. His interests included agriculture, gardening, philately, beekeeping, and book collecting. They were engaged in March 1920 and wed in Kennebunkport, Maine, on September 9, 1920. Margaret and Homer’s only child, Barbara, was born in October 1921. Barbara experienced many of the same luxuries as her mother had, including international travel and upper class social events.

    Margaret, an accomplished golfer, had trained under golf pro Walter Hagen as a teenager. She won many titles and set women’s records at Oak Hill and surrounding country clubs. Margaret competed in women’s archery events and was an avid bowler. Throughout her life, she volunteered for the Red Cross, participated in service events, and donated money to schools, churches, and hospitals. She was active in many Rochester community groups. Margaret’s mother Alice died in 1933, bequeathing Margaret a $500,000 trust. Her father John died in 1937, leaving $1.5 million, mostly in Kodak stock, to Margaret.

    In 1937, the Strongs moved from their home on Culver Road in Rochester to Allens Creek Road in Pittsford, where they purchased a 30-room mansion from Alvah Strong, originally called Twin Beeches. Margaret and Homer renamed the estate to Tuckaway Farm. The Strongs grew flowers, sculpted gardens, and hosted hundreds of wild ducks on their property. The Strongs often hosted social groups at their home, and Margaret kept out a guestbook to encourage visitors to sign and record any impressions they had of their visits. Margaret belonged to more than 40 clubs, including social, athletic, patriotic, and hobby clubs.

    Following the losses of her daughter in 1946 and husband in 1958, Margaret channeled her energy into collecting. She had previously inherited her mother’s large Japanese artifact collection and her father’s coin and medal collections, and already owned many old dolls, antique toys, and other decorative items. Margaret frequented auctions, antique shows, and dealers. A member of several American hobbyist clubs (including the United Federation of Doll Clubs, the Doll Study Club of Boston, the National Doll and Toy Collectors’ Club, and the Doll Collectors of America), Margaret opened her home to not only fellow club members but for community groups to sell tickets for fundraisers.

    For nearly two decades, Margaret entertained the idea of turning her collections into a museum. Her assemblages of dolls, dollhouses, Japanese artifacts, sailors' valentines, and miniatures had roots based on her early childhood and travels. Toys, decorative objects, and other themes, like windmills and bookplates, developed based on her own interests. Margaret eventually added extra wings to the Tuckaway Farm house to accommodate her collections so that others could see them on display. (She loved hearing what others thought about her items, especially exclamations such as “Oh, I had a doll like that!”) She wanted to create a “Museum of Fascination.” Themed rooms in her mansion and expansion buildings exhibited segments of her collections, and she documented her objects with the assistance of her secretary. In June 1968, Margaret created a museum corporation and received a provisional charter from the New York State Board of Regents.

    Margaret Woodbury Strong passed away at home on July 17, 1969. At the time of her death, she was the largest individual shareholder of Kodak stock in the world, thanks to her parents’ early investments. In her will, she provided for the transfer of her collections and estate to the museum corporation and entrusted her executors to determine how best to use her collections for a “Museum of Fascination.” (She chose that title, as she wrote earlier, because “Collecting has been, and is, fascinating.”)

    The museum foundation hired expert assessors to appraise the items at Margaret’s estate. Sixteen professionals spent more than a year inventorying, examining, and appraising the nearly half-million objects in her collections. The corporation was tasked with determining the museum’s future, such as its mission and endowments. The expert consultants that they hired agreed that the greatest cluster of items in Margaret’s collections were those that implied play and imagination. While the dolls, toys, and play artifacts were the strength and heart of her collections, professionals at the time did not think that they were “serious” enough to be the foundation for an educational museum.

    Instead, the consultants and museum corporation concluded that the museum’s mission would be to explore and interpret the cultural development and everyday life in the U.S. in the post-industrial age. The museum utilized many of the mass-produced, decorative items from Margaret’s existing collections, but it further acquired home furnishings and household equipment to portray the impact of changing technologies on the American home. The Strong mansion in Pittsford could not be zoned for commercial use, and the museum corporation located a plot of land in downtown Rochester to acquire as the site for the new museum. Following more than a decade of careful cataloging, planning, and building, the Margaret Woodbury Strong Museum opened to the public in October 1982, offering educational programs, innovative exhibits, and study collections. Eventually, the museum realized it could not sustain such a broad mission indefinitely. Following an intensive period of research, planning, and expansion, in 2003, the museum refined its mission to one closer to Margaret’s original intent. The treasure trove of dolls, toys, and other materials related to play became the focus of the museum, exploring the cultural history of play and how it encourages learning, creativity, and discovery.

  • Collection Scope and Content Note

    The Margaret Woodbury Strong collection is a compilation of materials relating to the life of Margaret Woodbury Strong, her husband Homer, her daughter Barbara, her father John C. Woodbury, her mother Alice Motley Woodbury, and other relatives. Material types within this collection include correspondence, photographs, ephemera, scrapbooks, clippings, moving images, books, publications, genealogical materials, receipts, financial information, legal papers, blueprints, drawings, building schematics, notes, and other documentation. Much of the collection details Margaret’s childhood, adolescence, marriage to Homer, athletic and gardening pursuits, and later collecting and planning her museum. (Of note are the Capstaff Kodachrome plates in Series I, Subseries G; this specialized color photographic process only existed for a short period of time in the mid-1910s.) The bulk of the materials are dated during Mrs. Strong’s lifetime, between 1897 and 1969.

    The Margaret Woodbury Strong collection has been arranged into six series, five of which have been further divided into subseries. The collection is housed in 135 archival document boxes, 13 rolled storage boxes, and three oversized folders.

  • Related Materials

    The Strong has digitized several dozen images from the Margaret Woodbury Strong collection, available for view on New York Heritage.

  • System of Arrangement

    Series I: Margaret Woodbury Strong, 1818-1989

    Subseries A: Early years, 1897-1919
    Subseries B: Marriage to Homer Strong, 1920
    Subseries C: Hobbies and interests, 1905-1969
    1. Travel
    2. Athletics
    3. Clubs
    4. Philanthropies
    5. Gardening and flower arranging
    Subseries D: Collections, c. 1960s-1988
    1. Collection registration albums
    2. Assessment
    Subseries E: Correspondence, 1901-1978
    1. Personal correspondence
    2. Vendor files
    Subseries F: Scrapbooks and ephemera, 1818-1970 and n.d.
    1. Scrapbooks
    2. Guestbooks
    3. Bookplates and woodcuts
    4. Other ephemera
    Subseries G: Photographs and moving images, 1897-1982
    Subseries H: Financial documents, 1910-1967
    Subseries I: Legacy, 1863-1989
    Subseries J: Oral History Project, 1989

    Series II: Homer Strong, 1869-c. 1980s

    Subseries A: Education and business interests, 1892-c. 1920s and n.d.
    Subseries B: Hobbies and correspondence, 1825-1981
    Subseries C: Photographs, 1877-c. 1980s
    Subseries D: Financial documents, 1869-1963
    Subseries E: Miscellaneous, 1917-1958

    Series III: Barbara Strong, 1921-c. 1980s

    Subseries A: Childhood, teen years, and adulthood, 1921-1948
    Subseries B: Education and activities, 1935-1957
    Subseries C: Photographs, 1921-c. 1980s
    Subseries D: Miscellaneous, 1935-1946 and n.d.

    Series IV: Residences, 1900-2002

    Subseries A: Culver Road house, 1920-1923
    Subseries B: Allens Creek Road (Tuckaway Farm), 1922-2002
    Subseries C: Althea Cottage, 1900-2002
    Subseries D: Miscellaneous, c. 1900s-1984

    Series V: Woodbury family, 1846-1999

    Subseries A: John Charles Woodbury, 1872-1959
    Subseries B: Edmund F. Woodbury, 1857-1892
    Subseries C: Other Woodbury family members, 1852-1964
    Subseries D: Woodbury family genealogy, 1847-1997
    Subseries E: Woodbury commercial ventures, 1865-1999
    Subseries F: Photographs, 1846-c. 1980s

    Series VI: Motley family, 1856-c.1980s

    Subseries A: Alice Motley Woodbury, 1870-c. 1980s
    Subseries B: Other Motley family members, 1856-c. 1980s
    Subseries C: Miscellaneous, 1894-1972

    Series VII: Strong family, c. 1870s-c.1940s and n.d.

External Documents

Instances

  • Type
    Accession
    Container 1 Type
    Box
    Container 1 Indicator
    Boxes 1-135
    Container 1 Barcode
    Margaret Woodbury Strong collection
  • Type
    Accession
    Container 1 Type
    Box
    Container 1 Indicator
    RS Boxes 1-13
    Container 1 Barcode
    Margaret Woodbury Strong collection - RS boxes
  • Type
    Accession
    Container 1 Type
    Box
    Container 1 Indicator
    OS Folders 1-3
    Container 1 Barcode
    Margaret Woodbury Strong collection - OS folders

Components